con|trast1 W2 [ˈkɔntra:st US ˈka:ntræst] n
1.) [U and C]
a difference between people, ideas, situations, things etc that are being compared
While there are similarities in the two cultures, there are also great contrasts.
contrast between
the economic and social contrasts between the poor and the rich
contrast with
The marble is smooth and polished, making a strong contrast with the worn stonework around it.
by contrast (to/with)
The birth rate for older women has declined, but, by contrast, births to teenage mothers have increased.
in contrast (to/with)
The stock lost 60 cents a share, in contrast to last year, when it gained 21 cents.
(in) stark/marked/sharp etc contrast to sth
The winter heatwave in California is a stark contrast to the below-freezing temperatures on the East Coast.
The spirited mood on Friday was in sharp contrast to the tense atmosphere last week.
The approach to learning at this school stands in marked contrast to the traditional methods used at other schools nearby.
something that is very different from something else
The wine used in the sauce is quite sweet, so add dried thyme as a contrast.
contrast to
The red stems of this bush provide a contrast to the drab brown of the rest of the winter garden.
3.) [U]
the degree of difference between the light and dark parts of a television picture, ↑X-ray, ↑photocopy etc
This button adjusts the contrast.
The chemical heightens contrast between different kinds of tissue in the breast.
4.) [U]
the differences in colour, or between light and dark, that an artist uses in paintings or photographs to make a particular effect
The artist has used contrast marvelously in his paintings.
contrast 2
con|trast2 [kənˈtra:st US -ˈtræst] v
[Date: 1600-1700; : French; Origin: contraster, from Italian contrastare 'to stand out against, fight against', from Latin contra- ( CONTRA-) + stare 'to stand']
1.) [I]
if two things contrast, the difference between them is very easy to see and is sometimes surprising
contrast with
The snow was icy and white, contrasting with the brilliant blue sky.
contrast sharply/strikingly with sth
(=be extremely different from something)
These results contrast sharply with other medical tests carried out in Australia.
2.) [T]
to compare two things, ideas, people etc to show how different they are from each other
contrast sth with sth
In another passage, Melville again contrasts the land with the sea.
an essay comparing and contrasting (=showing how two things are similar and different) Verdi and Wagner and their operas

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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